Archetypes, Epitomes and Stereotypes
by: Robert J. Escandon C.Ht., MA.
Carl Jung, a Swiss psychotherapist known for his work with archetypes, suggests that there are psychological frameworks that illuminate patterns in human behavior. According to Jung, an archetype is a universal framework, sometimes referred to as a stereotype or epitome. In his work, the Archetypes of the Collective Unconsciousness, Jung explains that archetypes for the most part encompass a series of generic personality traits that help identify themes within groups of people, referring to them as data banks for the unconsciousness to pick and choose from. Archetypes are present in mythology and can also be found in early history within the Neolithic cultures, according to Marija Gimbutas, an Archeologist known for her research in the cultures of the Neolithic Age. Jung suggests that mythological archetypes are a part of the minds collective unconsciousness. Jung proposes that archetypes are part of a design that represents an instinctual behavior within people. Jung based a lot of his research on Plato, a famous Greek philosopher and mathematician, who spent a great deal of time studying archetypes and frameworks. Plato suggests that archetypes, or as he referred to them as the eidos are found deeply rooted within a person. They are part of a collection of thoughts and dreams that are imprinted in the soul, according to Plato. In Plato’s theories of forms, Plato describes that these forms and frameworks were like universal blueprints of the soul. These blueprints according to Plato, are perfect in form, unchanged and serve as a constant source of reference for humans. It is through human expression that these forms take life. These frameworks are formulated ideas that are believed to be part of the human experience from a very early age.
Robert L. Moore is a Jungian psychologist that has a private practice and serves as a Professor of Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Spirituality at the Graduate Center of the Chicago Theological Seminary. Moore has written various books on the subject of archetypes, mainly basing his data on the findings of Jung and of his own private practice. Moore narrows down the archetypes into four basic types; The King/Queen, Warrior, Magician and Lover. The first archetype is that of the King which represents the upholding of justice, a deep sense of meaning, creation and order. The Magician references transformation, healing, inner work and awareness. The Lover references being vulnerable through emotion, impulsive, addictive and compassionate. The Warrior, according to Moore, is aggressive, caught up within his own actions, cruel and self destructive. The Warrior is also brash, self-disciplined and goal oriented. The Warrior often appears throughout mythology as a person with a strong sense of justice and devotion to defend those in need. A Warrior’s sense of loyalty will dictate that they will stay until proposed goals are completed. The Warrior’s actions are usually dictated by others who may or may not be in direct control of the Warrior. Warriors have a strong sense of self, they are tenacious, vengeful and very strong, and will attain their goals however they deem necessary whether they walk the path of light or that of it’s darker shade. The Warrior according to Moore is one of the most important Archetypes, as it reveals traits that most humans can relate to.
For our short reading purposes, we’ll stop here. My next post will continue the idea of what a “Warrior” is within our modern day context. Fun? You better believe it.
About the Author
Mr. Escandon is a graduate of Saint Thomas University, holds a Masters in History and Culture and has been a therapist for over 14 years. Mr. Escandon is a certified Hypnotherapist and also holds certifications in Life Coaching and NLP. Robert is also an award winning filmmaker, writer and avid martial artist. “I still believe that Bruce Lee is one of the greatest thinkers of our time.”